This database is an extract of over 13,000 individuals from Reiner Strätz's Biographisches Handbuch Würzburger Juden 1900-1945 (Würzburg 1989, two volumes), a collective biographical dictionary of Jews living in Würzburg, Lower Franconia, Germany, in the early 20th century.
About Biographisches Handbuch Würzburger Juden 1900-1945:
The biographical dictionary "Jews in Würzburg, 1900 - 1945" is a unique attempt to construct a collective biography of a rather large Jewish community in Germany. It was compiled by the author in the early and middle 1980s in cooperation with the "Stadt Würzburg" and the "Israelitische Kultusgemeinde Würzburg". The concept had been developed by Prof. Herbert A. Strauss, born in Würzburg, faculty member of City College New York and founding director of the "Zentrum für Antisemitismusforschung Berlin".
Criteria for inclusion were (with few exceptions) belonging to the Jewish community and residing in Würzburg for a minimum of three years. Including the parent generation in many of the short biographies on the one hand, the data of emigrants and their families on the other, the period of the dictionary actually extends from a good part of the 19th century to the 1980s.
About the Database:
Geographical data covered by the data are mainly Würzburg, Lower Franconia and its surrounding rural communities. Taking into account that people migrated either because they came to study in Würzburg, or moved to live there, or left Würzburg to live in another place, or married somebody from Würzburg, we can find data from many counties and states, such as Baden, Württemberg, Hessen, Prussia, Thuringia, Swabia, Upper Franconia, Middle Franconia, Pomerania, Posen, Alsace, Upper Palatinate and more. In addition, a number of the so-called "Ostjuden" (Eastern Jews) moved to Würzburg, therefore you will find also data from Galicia, Russia, etc. Taking into consideration that a number of Würzburgian Jews managed to emigrate, you will also find in some instances data from foreign countries, such as USA, Israel, Palestine, etc.
In the database, each entry represents an individual and his/her genealogical data. The following information is included when it is available:
- NAME: Surname, all in capital letters; Forname(s), including nicknames or changed names.
- MAIDEN NAME: Maiden surname, in any.
- BORN: Birth date (in numbers in the format dd-mm-yyyy) and Birth place (Town or village, and district or county).
- DIED: Death date (in numbers in the format dd-mm-yyyy) and. Death place (Town or village where individual died).
- MARRIED: When and where marriage first took place. If divorce or separation data are available, these are entered in brackets.
- SPOUSE: For Husbands: Given name; for Wives: Given name + maiden name.
- CHILDREN: Given names of children. Married daughters will have their married surname added (if known).
- FATHER: Given name of father. When the individual is a married daughter, the father's given name and surname are entered.
- MOTHER: Mother's given name and maiden name.
- SIBLINGS: Given names of siblings. If a sibling is married, the married surname is added (if known).
- OCCUPATION: Occupation
- ADDRESS IN WÜRZBURG: Address where person lived in Würzburg. Sometimes there is a second street name in brackets, representing the present name of the same street.
- LAST RESIDENCE: Last known residence of individual.
- COMMENTS: Notes include information on the following:
- a) Data on multiple marriages
b) Deportation data
c) Name changes
d) Various notes
The database does not contain all of the information available in the biographical entries of the book. Therefore, it may be necessary to find a copy of the book in order to gather all information for an individual. The book is a publication of the City Archive Würzburg (Stadtarchiv Würzburg):Stadtarchiv Würzburg
Tel.: 0931/37-3228, 37-3308
Libraries where the book is available include the National Library in Jerusalem, the Leo Baeck Institute in New York, and Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts.